When identifying the causes of laryngitis, it is important to differentiate between acute and chronic laryngitis.
Acute laryngitis – possible causes:
- Viral infections of the nose, sinuses or tonsils
- Bacterial infection (often bacterial superinfection, which develops on top of a viral infection)
- Voice overuse in professionals, such as teachers or singers
- Inhalation of irritant gases
Chronic laryngitis – possible causes:
- Voice overuse
- Nicotine consumption
- Increased mouth breathing (when nasal breathing is impaired)
Above all, pronounced hoarseness ("croaking" voice) or even complete voice loss are typical of laryngitis. A dry burning or scratchy sensation in the throat as well as coughing and pain when attempting to swallow or speak are possible too.
Those suffering from chronic laryngitis often have the sensation of having a foreign body in the throat and constantly feel the need to clear their throat.
There are various treatments for laryngitis.
- Consistent voice rest (do not speak, whisper or clear your throat)
- Abstain from smoking
- Take mucolytic cough remedies
- If necessary, antibiotics to treat bacterial pathogens (these require a prescription from the doctor)
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